Galilee Unicode Greek Font

The Galilee Unicode Gk font is now available in a beta version (first beta, 0.4, posted 11/1/03). Third beta release, v. 0.6, posted 11/29/03. This release adds a number of additional characters. (Now contains almost all characters on the TLG Unicode test page, classical and koine, as well as the proposed text-crit. symbols.) Thank you to Joop Jagers for his careful eye in helping “proof” this font. v. 0.7 posted 12/27/04, corrects one character.

Download | Character Set | Font Design Info | Installing the Font | 
Biblical Language Fonts and Unicode | Font License Info |

This font requires Unicode support; for details, see my Unicode page. If you do not have Unicode capabilities, you need the regular version of the Galilee font.

This font is intended for use with polytonic Greek, not modern monotonic. It’s primary purpose was originally for the koine/hellenistic Greek used in the NT, but classical Greek is also now supported. This explains why some characters have not been included at this point (e.g., the entire group of characters with tonos in the Greek range which are used only in modern monotonic Greek).

The standard ASCII characters are also included in the Galilee Unicode Gk font for compatibility purposes (some programs “complain” if they do not find these characters present in a font). These are NOT intended for use and they do not necessarily match the overall style of the font. (They are simply the glyphs from the FontLab FreeSans font, reduced just slightly so as not to exceed the height of the Galilee glyphs.)

V. 0.6 and later of the font include several new characters that have been approved by the UTC, Je. 2003, and which will appear in the v. 4.1 standard, winter/spring 2005. These characters were originally proposed by TLG. Code points affected are 03FC and 2E00-2E0C. Most of these are sigla for NT textual criticism (see the last line in the character set graphic below). Not all of these will be visible or usable in all applications since some are not in the BMP. Characters in the “high numbered” portions of the Unicode Standard are not accessible in many applications yet. In MS Word 2002 they do not appear in the Insert Symbol dialog, but *will* appear if the appropriate Unicode number is typed in the “character code” box in that dialog. They will be shown in the glyph window as the number is typed and can then be inserted into the document. See the graphic below and the list of specific numbers there. (I’ll have to check the newer version of Word, but I do not have access to that at home over the holidays, 04). These characters are defined correctly in the font, but may not appear correctly in some programs. There is an anomaly (apparently) in MS Word Mac 2004 that displays the font name of the Galilee Unicode Gk font in gibberish (B~lglgg…). It still works correctly, and it displays the font name correctly in every other Mac (& Windows) program I’ve tried. I’ve no idea what the problem is.

There may be a later version of this Unicode font that will include Hebrew so that it can serve as a general purpose “biblical languages font.” I have the Hebrew characters drawn and hinted presently, but there are other things needing attention before it is ready for use. (The Hebrew glyphs are revised versions of the BenEzra [non-Unicode/legacy] font designed by my colleague, Dr. Alan Ingalls and are used with his permission.) I anticipate that when the Hebrew glyphs are added, the font name will become “Galilee Unicode.” (Later note: I’ll shelved this idea for the forseeable future. I’d love to do it, but don’t have the time presently–and I’ve discovered that Hebrew support is much more complicated. I’d have to learn those complexities first.)

The earlier, non-Unicode legacy encoded Galilee font is still available, as is a converter to convert legacy Galilee text to Unicode encoding. (The converter is not perfect and is unsupported, but it works well enough to save an enormous amount of time moving legacy documents to Unicode. It works from within MS Word. I find one or two errors per document, so you will want to proofread the conversion.)


Galilee Unicode Gk font (TrueType for Windows and Mac OS X)
(Zeth Green tells me that “Galilee Unicode font worked fine in Linux (using Open Office and Fedora Core).”
(See License Agreement and installation notes below.)

Complete character set (roughly in Unicode range order)

Shown here as a gif graphic image. Space characters are not shown (a full range of “typographer’s spaces” are included). The standard ASCII characters included only for compatibility are not shown. The last line (text crit symbols) are numbered as follows in Unicode 4.1: 2E00, 2E01, 2E02, 2E03, 2E04, 2E05, 2E06, 2E07, 2E08, 2E09, 2E0A, 2E0B, 2E0C. Use these numbers in the character code box of Word’s Insert Symbol if your version of Word does not display these characters.

A one page demo document in .pdf format is available for better inspection.

Font Design Info

This TrueType font is designed as a web-optimized font for use on screen in a web browser or for classroom use with a video projector; the primary goal is legibility, not style. As such, it is a sans serif font that is designed to complement Trebuchet (one of the better such web fonts) with similar stroke weight, metrics, and character design. It may also be used harmoniously with Verdana. Other sans serif fonts such as Arial and Helvetica also look fairly good with Galilee. It was not designed to complement standard serif text fonts such as any of the Times variations, etc., though it can be used for such purposes.*

(*If you do use it with a text font, reduce the font size of Galilee about 2 points–it has a much larger x-height than does Times. A document in 12 pt. Times New Roman, e.g., will look better if Galilee is set at 10 pt. The easiest way to do that is to do a search and replace in your word processor when you are finished. Or you can create a macro in, say, Word that not only changes the font to Galilee, but also changes the font size; assign it to a keystroke, function key, or toolbar button and use it whenever you change to Greek text. For text purposes, two of the best Unicode fonts that include polytonic Greek are the new Gentium font by Victor Gaultney, and the Palatino Linotype fonts. I particularly like Gentium. These are Unicode, so you must have both software that supports it and a means to enter it. See my Unicode page for details.)

Installing the font

It is not sufficient to just download the font, you must also install it. If you don’t know how to install a font, check with a friend who does. (If you have an older version already installed, delete it first.) Here are the basics:

Windows, use the Font Control Panel and select Install New Font… from the File menu, select the Galilee font file (wherever you saved it when you downloaded it), and click OK. (Or, drag/copy the font to C:\WINDOWS\Fonts.) If you’re not sure how, I’ve posted step-by-step instructions complete with screen shots as to how to do this. (These show the older Galilee font, but the Unicode version installs the same way.)

Mac OS X, Basically you want to drag/copy the font to the font folder in the library. (There are multiple libraries in OS X since it’s a multi-user system, so get the right one; you can install the font so that all users have access to it, or install it only for a specific user/s.) See the install info in Apple’s Knowledge Base.  If the first link in this paragraph doesn’t work, search for “106417” in the Knowledge Base which should take you to article ID 106417, “Mac OS X 10: Font Locations and Their Purposes.” There is also an article on the Macromedia site that may be of help.

Biblical Language Fonts and Unicode

Additional information regarding biblical language fonts and Unicode is available. If you’re not familiar with Unicode, I highly recommend that you read it carefully. It is very important in current software (particularly web browsers and word processors) and will be even more so in the future.

Galilee Unicode Gk Font License Agreement (Windows and Mac versions)

The Galilee Unicode Gk font, copyright © 2003 Rodney J. Decker, is freely available for non-commercial,* academic purposes. It may not be sold or commercially distributed. The Galilee Unicode Gk font (& font  family when it becomes available) may not be renamed, modified, or used as a basis for another font. The font may be used in any academic paper, journal, or book, whether in paper or electronic copy. The font is embeddable and may be freely included in .pdf files or other documents which enable a font to be embedded. It may be used on publicly accessible web pages so long as a link to this page is provided for users to download the current version of the font.
Although Galilee Unicode Gk is a standard TrueType font and should not cause problems on your computer, under no circumstances will Rodney J. Decker or Baptist Bible Seminary be liable for any problems that you encounter in using the font or for any loss or damage that results from its use. Downloading and installing the font indicates your acceptance of these terms.

[*I consider “non-commercial” to include publishing of printed material so long as it does not profit because of the use of the Galilee Unicode Gk font per se. The stipulations above are intended to preclude anyone from making financial profit from my work. If you publish a journal or a book and use the Galilee Unicode Gk font for Greek text included, that’s fine with me–so long as it isn’t a book about Greek typography, or teaching typography by studying the use of the Galilee font, etc. Although neither of those examples are likely scenarios, should you want to do so, please contact me. I’m sure we can work out appropriate arrangements.]